It is estimated that male and female abnormalities contribute equally to about 30-40% of infertility each. The remaining 20% is due to a combination of various other factors.
Being diagnosed with infertility can impact your social life, relationships and could lead to a lot of stress. The good news is that technology and medical advancements have made it possible for more than 70% of the people diagnosed with infertility to conceive.
Take care of yourself by de-stressing and maintaining a good health. Consider counseling or joining support groups. Above all, believe in yourself and always rememberÖ you are not alone.
Most healthy young couples planning for a baby are successful after one year of trying. But about 10-15% of couples have trouble getting pregnant.
Just because you haven't been able to get pregnant after one year doesn't mean you can't get pregnant. Many couples later go on to get pregnant, even without treatment.
If you are below 35 and have not conceived after trying for a year or if you are above 35 and have not conceived after trying for six months, it is time for you to check with an Infertility Expert, for your initial consultation.
Most experts suggest at least one year, women aged 35 years or older should see their doctor after six months of trying. Some health problems also increase the risk of infertility.
So, women should talk to their doctor if they have any of the following-
- Irregular periods or no menstrual periods
- Very painful periods
- Pelvic inflammatory disease
- More than one miscarriage
It is a good idea for any woman to talk to a doctor before trying to get pregnant. Doctor can help you get your body ready for a healthy baby. They can also answer questions on fertility and give tips on conceiving.
Females are born with a limited number of eggs. Some of them are spent every month. The older you get, the lower your chance of getting pregnant since egg depletion occurs rapidly every year after the age of 30.
Aging decreases a woman's chances of having a baby in the following ways -
- She has a smaller number of eggs left
- Her eggs are not as healthy
- She is more likely to have health conditions that can cause fertility problems
- Likelihood of a miscarriage increases with age
Depending on your age, health and the length of time, the doctor may suggest you and your partner to try some simple ways of increasing your chances for pregnancy.
Consultation with doctor can help you to know about various other factors, such as maintaining good health, eating a balanced diet, avoid smoking, drugs and alcohol, taking additional hormone supplements, using methods to decide how often you should have intercourse etc.
In about 10-15% of couples, it is possible to be not able to find an obvious cause for infertility after a detailed work-up and evaluation. This is termed as Unexplained Infertility and it simply means that we do not know why the couple is infertile - essentially, it is a limitation of medical knowledge, research and currently available investigations.
Recent advances in Assisted Reproductive Technology have proven to be extremely beneficial in treating such couples.
According to national data, there has been an alarming increase in the proportion of couples who are infertile. Delayed marriage and deferred child birth compounded by hectic lifestyle and job stress has been a major cause of concern for couples wanting to have a baby.
With increasing awareness and easily available treatment modalities, more and more couples are seeking medical help for infertility.
Some lifestyle choices and health habits may need to be altered to improve your ability to conceive.
Smoking - Smoking in women depletes egg production and in men may lower sperm count, decrease sperm movement and cause abnormally shaped sperm.
Alcohol - Excessive alcohol in women can affect sexual health and can also alter hormone (estrogen) levels due to fat formation around the mid-section impairing her chances of fertility. Men who drink alcohol have significant lesser sperm count than teetotalers.
Testicular Heat - A manís testicles are normally several degrees cooler than the rest of his body. When the testicles are too warm, sperm production decreases. High fever, hot work environments, hot tubs, saunas, and tight pants may raise testicular temperature and decrease fertility.
Weight Problem - Women who are significantly overweight or underweight often have difficulty getting pregnant. Too much or too little body fat can affect hormone levels and impair ovulation. In men, excess weight may raise testicular temperature, decreasing sperm count.
Other Factors - Your doctor may discuss other factors that could affect fertility. Certain types of lubricants can damage or destroy sperm. Some medications may decrease sperm count. In some women, stress and anxiety may inhibit ovulation.
There is a very thin line between stress and infertility and is poorly understood by individuals. The question whether infertility is caused due to stress or reduction in stress can increase the rate of healthy pregnancy , is still controversial.
Now a dayís infertility is better understood and stress is recognized primarily as a result, rather than a cause of fertility problems. However, there is evidence that stress in men can have a negative impact on sperm production. Stress in women causes an increase in the costisol levels upsetting the hormonal balance thus impairing ovulation apart from affecting the libido.
Having a Baby is the result of a complex process. To get pregnant -
- A womanís body must release an egg from one of her ovaries (ovulation)
- The egg must go through a fallopian tube toward the uterus (womb)
- A man's sperm must join with (fertilize) the egg along the way
- The fertilized egg must attach to the inside of the uterus (implantation)
Infertility can happen if there are problems with any of these steps.
With change in lifestyle choices, more and more women are deferring marriage and child birth till they're in their 30's unlike before when women used to have babies in their 20's.
Though there're benefits in deferring child birth in terms of being well prepared when you've a baby, many women donít realize how quickly their fertility can drop, and how early that can start to happen. It is also important to know that fertility treatments cannot always make up for that decline.
It is important for women and their partners to understand how age can affect fertility, pregnancy and childbirth, and to what extent medical technologies can help.
Yes. Secondary infertility is the name given when the problem arises in a couple who have been able to get pregnant in the past. Sometimes a new factor, such as an infection, has damaged the reproductive organs since the last child was born. Sometimes the aging process makes it more difficult for a couple to conceive, even if they had no problems when they were younger.